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From: email@example.com (Bill Sloman)
Subject: Re: Transistor Switching
Date: 13 Sep 2002 05:34:43 -0700
NNTP-Posting-Date: 13 Sep 2002 12:34:44 GMT
"Kevin Aylward" wrote in message news:...
> "John S. Dyson" wrote in message
> > "Redd" wrote in message
> > > Oh yes, another person who does not believe in the free
> > > flow of information. What do you think the usernet is all
> > > about ? If you do not want to contribute, do not discourage
> > > others. Someday all knowledge will be at everyone's fingertips
> > > and there will be no need to pay for education/knowledge.
> > >
> > Note that the question about the single transistor oscillator is so
> > trivial as to be 'quickly available' with one's own 'knowledge.' If
> > one depends so much on external sources, it will take forever to
> > achieve the most trivial goals.
> > Perhaps you are confusing 'knowledge' with 'information', where
> > you value the 'information' the same as 'knowledge', when the fact
> > is that 'knowledge' or 'wisdom' are a matter of skill.
> I am going to have to quibble on this. Knowledge *is* identical to
> information, and wisdom is related to *how* that knowledge/information
> is used.
> 1 George Bush has little information on international affairs
> 2 George Bush has little knowledge of international affairs
> 3 George Bush has little wisdom in international affairs
> The first two statements say exactly the same thing. i.e. Bush knows
> little. The third statement says what little he does know, he does not
> know how to use it.
> Knowledge/information is not related to skill. It is simple a store.
> Wisdom is related to skill.
I'd be inclined to slice the cake slightly differently.
George Bush has access to enormous amounts of information about
If he lacks the necessary background information to see this
information in context, he can't exploit this information to acquire
the knowledge of international affairs that his more specialised aides
might be expected to have.
Even if he could absorb and process all the information available to
him, so that he was respectably knowledgeable about international
affairs, he might not make wise decisions on the basis of the
In fact, since his main motivations appear to be getting re-elected
and keeping sweet with the oil interests who bank-rolled his last
election campaign with spectacular amounts of money (which in the
event proved to be barely enough to compensate for his moral and
intellectual inadequacies), his decisions are unlikely to look wise to
observers with other interests, such as the long-term survival of a
well-informed human civilisation.
There is also the point that "information" about - say, gun control -
collected by people who "know" that the citizen's right to bear arms
shall be unabridged -is sparser and more anecdotal than "information"
collected by people who are less "knowledgeable". "Wisdom" - amongst
other things - keeps you alert to the possiblity that what you know
"Information" is usually used to describe more or less permanent and
reproducible collections of data. "Knowledge" is information that has
been absorbed and integrated into a more or less consistent world-view
by a human brain - I've not heard people described "expert systems" as
"Wisdom" is the skill of evaluating your own knowledge and other
peoples professed opinions to select the course which will get you the
result you ought to want. In so far as "ought to want" depends on the
observer, "wisdom" cannot be objectively assessed, and it can't be
equated with other performance skills which can be more or less
Bill Sloman, Nijmegen
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