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From: "Michael Painter"
References: <email@example.com> <firstname.lastname@example.org> <3DB85353.B3C80184@gv.net> <email@example.com>
Subject: Re: Generating Serial Numbers
X-Newsreader: Microsoft Outlook Express 6.00.2720.3000
Date: Mon, 28 Oct 2002 19:35:54 GMT
NNTP-Posting-Date: Mon, 28 Oct 2002 19:35:54 GMT
Organization: AT&T Worldnet
"Johnny B. Goode" wrote in message
> "Michael R. Kesti" wrote in message
> > firstname.lastname@example.org wrote:
> You're not entirely incorrect, but you're missing the point. IBM did
> a marketing survey prior to the introduction of the PC, and it was
> found that they would expect to sell no more than a handful of PCs.
> As it turned out, the original PC-XT, and PC-AT were more successful
> than the marketers had dreamed -- and a project was undertaken to
> "improve" on the poorly conceived ISA architecture. You see, the ISA
> architecture was as good as it needed to be for the handfuls of units
> to be sold -- but in some IBM group's opinion, not good enough for the
> millions that would eventually be dispersed.
> IBM then gave away the blueprints to the ISA architecture to the
> public domain. They also gave away the BIOS they had developed for
> the original PC, also to the public domain. At the same time, they
> introduced the PC/2 line with a Microchannel Bus -- a true
> plug-and-play system with self-sorting IRQ contention. Unlike the PCI
> bus (plug-and-pray) that would come out nearly ten years later, this
> one worked. The PS/2 had for it a brand new operating system, OS/2
> 1.0 that was available. The first fully pre-emptive multitasking,
> multithreaded operating system for any personal computer. The first
> PS/2 with OS/2 was really just amazing -- a true innovation for its
Both were clearly superior but at a price most were not willing to pay.
Had they not held the IBM mentality that IBM only sells one product they
might have succeeded.
(The proper answer to the question "What does IBM sell?" was "Service")
> Unfortunately (for IBM), the decision to give away the ISA blueprints
> & BIOS to the public domain proved idiotic. Shops arose in all around
> the world; Hong Kong, Taiwan, etc., to duplicate IBM's original work
> -- and the clone was born. Computer Shopper magazine was born.
> Microsoft was now on its way to its riches and eventually chief of all
> personal-computer computing on the planet.
> Had IBM not given away the spec, it'd still be the battle of evermore
> between Apple, and IBM. Or not? Maybe IBM would have been a worse
> competitor for Apple than is Microsoft, a software-only company.
I'm not sure IBM gave away the ISA architecture. They certainly did not give
away their patent on what happens when your cursor reaches the lower right
of the screen and everything moves up a notch.
"If" they gave away the PC BIOS it was long after it had been black boxed by
a number of independents.
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