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From: email@example.com (keith)
Subject: Re: what port to use onthe microchip 16c74
Date: 15 Jan 2003 05:24:20 -0800
References: <firstname.lastname@example.org> <7064272.n80IE8o7u4@mixdown.org>
NNTP-Posting-Date: 15 Jan 2003 13:24:20 GMT
thx for ur reply eres a copy of the code. what kind of hardware/code
do i need? im still fairly new to pic and electronnics. at the mo i av
the sensor connected to a voltage divieder to a give a 5v on signal 0v
off signal then it is going to a opamp comparator witha ref of 4.8v
then on to the schmitt trigger adn then the pic.
looking forward to ur reply
list p = 16c74
counter equ 0x20
passtst equ 0x21
start clrf counter ;clear counters
movlw 0x80 ;set RB7 as sensor input
bsf INTCON,GIE ;enable global interrupts
bsf INTCON,PEIE ;enable peripheral interrupts
bsf INTCON,RBIE ;enable RB port change interrupt
ISR btfss INTCON,RBIF ;is it a PORTB interrupt
btfsc passtst,1 ;has it fully passed over, 1=yes
INC incf counter ;inc counter
clrf passtst ;clear passtest counter
Andrew Kohlsmith wrote in message news:<7064272.n80IE8o7u4@mixdown.org>...
> > hi, im building a project which is a datalogger for a go kart. one
> > part of the circuit has a magnetic sensor and i want to connect this
> > to the pic. i tried using portb pin 7 as it has interrupt on change
> > but it has not been too sucessfull. a copy of the code im using is
> > attached. the code works when i single step it but when i run it, it
> > gives me results as if the magnet has passed the sensor many times
> > when it has only passed once. i have tried using a schmitt trigger in
> > series with the sensor just to get a clean transition, but it made no
> > difference to my problem.
> Generally you do not want to hook up any external sensor to an interrupt pin
> unless you're really cleaning up the signal and can ensure it will never
> run outside of what you specify.
> I used to use the RBIF to detect line frequency but it would cause no end of
> problems if there was significant line noise at the zero crossings. I gave
> up and polled it. I'd ignore any change that occured "too fast" to be
> real, effectively making a sotware low-pass filter.
> I imagine you're getting either false triggering or bouncing of the magnetic
> pickup. Schmitt-triggering helps with false triggers but if it's bouncing
> you need to basically make a one-shot (in software or hardware) which
> prevents the input from being recognized again once it has tripped.
> Again, without additional hardware I wouldn't recommend using an interrupt
> pin to do this.
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