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From: NY Transfer News
Subject: Kissinger May Face Extradition to Chile
Date: Fri, 14 Jun 2002 04:43:36 -0400
Organization: NY Transfer News
NNTP-Posting-Date: 14 Jun 2002 08:42:21 GMT
User-Agent: Pan/0.11.3 (Unix)
Kissinger May Face Extradition to Chile
Via NY Transfer News * All the News That Doesn't Fit
MIGHT KISSINGER ACTUALLY FACE JUSTICE?
The Guardian - June 12, 2002
Kissinger may face extradition to Chile
Judge investigating US role in 1973 coup considers forcing former
secretary of state to give evidence
by Jonathan Franklin in Santiago and Duncan Campbell in Los Angeles
Henry Kissinger may face extradition proceedings in connection with
the role of the United States in the 1973 military coup in Chile.
The former US secretary of state is wanted for questioning as a
witness in the investigation into the events surrounding the
overthrow of the socialist president, Salvador Allende, by General
It focuses on CIA involvement in the coup, whether US officials
passed lists of leftwing Americans in Chile to the military and
whether the US embassy failed to assist Americans deemed sympathetic
to the deposed government.
Chile's Judge Juan Guzman is so frustrated by the lack of cooperation
by Mr Kissinger that he is now considering an extradition request to
force him to come to Chile and testify in connection with the death
of the American film-maker and journalist Charles Horman, who was
killed by the military days after the coup.
Horman's story was told in the 1982 Costa-Gavras film, Missing,
starring Jack Lemmon and Sissy Spacek.
Judge Guzman is investigating whether US officials passed the names
of suspected leftwing Americans to Chilean military authorities.
Declassified documents have now revealed that such a list existed.
Sergio Corvalan, a Chilean lawyer, said that he could not divulge the
"dozens" of names on the list.
At the time of his death, Horman was investigating the murder of Rene
Schneider, the chief of staff in the Chilean army whose support for
Allende and the constitution was seen as an obstacle to the coup.
The CIA had been involved with groups plotting Schneider's murder,
providing them with weapons and advice, according to a CIA internal
inquiry in 2000. It found that the agency had withdrawn its support
for the plotters before the murder but had paid them $35,000
afterwards "to maintain the goodwill of the group".
At the time of his murder, Schneider had five young children, who
filed suit in a Washington DC court last year against Mr Kissinger
and other top officials in the Nixon administration. They are
seeking$3m (£2.15m) in damages.
Horman's wife, Joyce, suspects that he was targeted because he
unwittingly stumbled upon a gathering of US military personnel in
Chile in the days before the coup.
The American journalist Marc Cooper and the British journalist
Christopher Hitchens have been in Santiago during the past month to
give evidence in the investigation of America's role.
Cooper, who was Allende's translator at the time of the coup and now
writes for the Nation and LA Weekly, knew Horman and gave sworn
testimony last month.
Cooper said: "Guzman says that if the US doesn't act soon on his
request to gather testimony from Kissinger and other US officials,
he'll have no choice but to file for their extradition to Chile."
Cooper, who wrote the book Pinochet and Me about his time in Chile,
said that the Nixon government had been more interested in supporting
General Pinochet than in investigating the deaths of its citizens at
the hands of the Chilean military.
This is not the first attempt to interview Mr Kissinger about the
turbulent period in Latin America.
During a visit to London in April, judges in Spain and France
unsuccessfully tried to question him about America's role in
Operation Condor, which has been described as a coordinated hit squad
organised from Chile and including six South American nations aimed
at dealing with leftwing opposition groups.
Several declassified documents which have emerged over the past two
years have shown an increasingly visible American hand in Operation
Hitchens gave evidence on the Operation Condor case which he
researched for his book, The Trial of Henry Kissinger, published last
In Santiago, Hitchens said: "Today Henry Kissinger is a frightened
man. He is very afraid of the exposure that awaits him."
Mr Kissinger's lawyer William Rodgers, said that such questions
should properly be directed to the US state department and not to Mr
The Guardian - April 20, 2002
Plea to Britain in Kissinger witness case
by Giles Tremlett in Madrid and David Pallister
British authorities have been asked to decide whether a Spanish and a
French judge representing the victims of General Pinochet's military
regime in Chile can travel to London next week to interview Henry
Kissinger as a witness in a terrorism and genocide case.
The unprecedented request to interview a former US secretary of state
has come from crusading Spanish magistrate Judge Baltasar Garzon, who
had General Pinochet arrested in London, and Judge Sophie-Helene
Chateau from France. The Home Office confirmed that both requests had
been received and were being considered "in the normal way."
If the requests are granted, Mr Kissinger will be summoned to give
evidence on oath in a magistrates court where he can be questioned by
the presiding district judge or the foreign judges.
The Spanish request, sent from the national court in Madrid on
Thursday, said that Mr Kissinger would be quizzed about recently
declassified CIA documents. It goes on to request the presence of
"the Spanish judicial authority", who is Judge Garzon himself, and
the private or public prosecutors involved in the genocide and
terrorism case that is still being pursued against General Pinochet
and others in Madrid.
Lawyers in Madrid said the request had been sent after British
police, via Interpol, confirmed that Mr Kissinger was due to give a
speech at the Institute of Directors' convention in the Royal Albert
Hall next Wednesday. The prosecution lawyer most likely to accompany
Judge Garzon would be the same man who directed the Spanish
extradition case against General Pinochet on behalf of his victims,
Mr Garces is a former aide to Salvador Allende, the socialist Chilean
president killed by General Pinochet's troops during the 1973 coup.
"I represent 4,000 victims who disappeared or were killed," Mr Garces
Although the case being pursued in the Spanish courts stretches back
to the 1973 coup itself, the request to interview Mr Kissinger refers
explicitly to the so-called Condor Plan - a secret agreement believed
to have been conceived by General Pinochet designed to suppress
leftwing opposition across southern Latin America.
The plan allegedly caused the arrest, torture, disappearance or
deaths of thousands of people who were illegally deported back to
their home countries of Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia
Mr Kissinger has avoided similar requests to give evidence as a
witness to courts in Chile investigating the crimes allegedly
committed by General Pinochet's regime. He has similarly avoided
approaches from Judge Chateau, who is investigating the deaths of
four French citizens in Chile.
Mr Kissinger's spokesman has explained that, while the former
secretary of state is prepared to help the courts, he believes all
questions should be answered by the state department.
The Guardian - April 17, 2002
Pinochet judge asks to question Kissinger
Staff and agencies
The Spanish judge who attempted to prosecute General Pinochet for
crimes against humanity has requested permission to question Henry
Kissinger, it emerged today.
The former US secretary of state is wanted for questioning by
Baltasar Garzon over his alleged involvement in a plot by former
South American military dictatorships to persecute and eliminate
their opponents in the 1970s and 1980s.
Mr Kissinger is expected to attend a convention at the Royal Albert
Hall in London a week today.
Mr Garzon has filed a request via Interpol to question him under the
European Convention on Terrorism, which requires signatories to
cooperate with other states' judicial processes relating to
Juan Garces, a lawyer involved in Mr Garzon's investigation into
General Pinochet, said the Spanish judge had not yet received an
Mr Kissinger served as Richard Nixon's assistant for national
security from 1969-1973 and secretary of state between 1973-1977 for
Nixon and his successor Gerald Ford.
Ever since General Pinochet's arrest in 1998 there have been attempts
to show what part the US government played in the 1973 coup that
brought him to power.
Mr Garzon attracted international attention when he ordered General
Pinochet's arrest in 1998, but is also known for his unrelenting
pursuit of drug traffickers and terrorists in Spain and abroad.
The proceedings against General Pinochet were ultimately unsuccessful
but Mr Garzon is now investigating accusations against him of
genocide and international terrorism.
He is also probing the disappearance of hundreds of Spanish citizens
in Argentina during the military dictatorships between 1976-1983.
Mr Garces said Mr Garzon wanted to speak to Mr Kissinger about his
alleged role in Operation Condor, a plot by the military governments
of Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay against their
Judges in Argentina and Chile also want to question Mr Kissinger over
his links to their countries' dictatorships.
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