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Subject: Re: Scientists baffled by increase in autism
Date: Wed, 30 Oct 2002 16:07:15 -0800
NNTP-Posting-Date: Wed, 30 Oct 2002 18:08:27 CST
"Mark Preston" wrote in message
> On Tue, 29 Oct 2002 12:06:50 -0800, "Tom"
> >Both autism and Asperger's Syndrome fall into the general category
> >"Autism Spectrum Disorders".
> I suppose that is disputable - certainly in as much as the description
> is a particularly American one. In the UK, both autism and Aspergers
> tend to be referred to separately but are both often assumed to be
> "Disassociative Disorders". What is beyond doubt is that whatever you
> may call them both most certainly involve some form of lack of
> "normal" awareness of the surroundings.
Actually, the category "Autism Spectrum Disorder" comes from the UK and
other European countries. In The USA, the category is "Pervasive
Developmental Disorders" and is listed that way in the DSM-IV. However,
I've recently heard lots of American professionals preferring the European
From http://www.nas.org.uk/pubs/faqs/qpdd.html :
"The term Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) was coined by the American
Psychiatric Association. It covers autism and related conditions such as
Rett's Syndrome or Fragile X Syndrome. It can broadly be seen as the
umbrella term for all autistic spectrum and related disorders. In Europe
the term Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is more commonly used to describe
conditions which clearly fall on the autistic spectrum such as Asperger
Syndrome. Rett's Syndrome et al are perceived as separate conditions with
some related symptoms.
There is some debate as to which definition is superior. In the US they
argue that the term PDD does not have the negative associations of the word
autism. In Europe it is felt that the term is misleading as it implies that
the condition is pervasive of all aspects of development. While children
with autism may have profound/pervasive problems with the development of
social and communication skills often their intellectual development is
I have never heard anyone describe either autism or Asperger's Syndrome as
a dissociative disorder. Where did you get that information?
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